Armenian bacteriologist offers to create eco-friendly cleaning products from plastic recycling

YEREVAN, FEBRUARY 28, ARMENPRESS. In recent years, the amount of plastic waste on planet Earth has gradually increased, which could have devastating consequences. Currently, a number of scientists and specialists are trying to find various solutions to break down, recycle and minimize the use of plastic.

Bacteriologist Sona Nikolyan, who holds a master’s degree in biochemistry, microbiology and biotechnology from Yerevan State University, has created a new program to prevent all the aforementioned problems. According to the program, plastic waste will be used as raw material to obtain ecologically clean biological materials.

Introducing the creation and importance of the program, Sona Nikolyan told Armenpress that during her studies she looked at bacteria that eliminate plastic. Later, during the course of industrial microbiology, which said that it is necessary to find the cheapest possible material on the basis of which any production will be created, minimizing the costs as much as possible, she decided to use plastic waste.

“Because of this, I thought that the scraps could be used as a production material, and my idea became more complete. At first I was studying bacteria eliminating plastic, later I realized that plastic could be used as a raw material for the production of biosurfactants. The establishment of this program will make it possible to recycle plastic quickly and affordably and obtain biosurfactants which are surfactants of microbial origin. For example, when we use soaps and other cleaners in economy, they are also considered surfactants, but my goal is to get these cleaners from biological bacteria, not through chemical means,” he said. she declared.

According to her, this program could make it possible, for example, to obtain soaps and cleaners from plastic recycling, the advantage of which will be that they will be natural and harmless cleaning products.

“The peculiarity of the program is that the bacteria are used as producers and the waste, which has caused serious problems for humanity and nature, is used as raw material. Therefore, I would very much like my program to develop further and have the opportunity to implement it,” Sona Nikolyan said.

The program is still at the concept stage, no practical experience has been carried out. It was submitted for the “100 Ideas for Armenia” project and was included in the final.

The “100 Ideas for Armenia” competition is a youth program organized by the Ministry of Education, Science, Culture and Sports aimed at arousing the interest of young people engaged in science and providing innovative ideas.

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